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Racial Differences in End-of-Life Planning: Why Donít Blacks and Latinos Prepare for the Inevitable?

Deborah Carr

Omega: The Journal of Death and Dying
2011
The extent to which ethnic disparities in advance care planning reflect cultural and religious attitudes and experience with the painful deaths of loved ones was evaluated. Data are from a sample of 293 chronically ill older adults who are seeking care at one of two large medical centers in urban New Jersey. Blacks and Hispanics are significantly less likely than Whites to have a living will, a durable power of attorney for health care (DPAHC), and to have discussed their end of life treatment preferences. Multivariate analyses reveal that the Black-White gap in advance care planning is largely accounted for by Blacks' belief that God controls the timing and nature of death. The Hispanic-White gap is partially accounted for by the belief that one's illness negatively affects one's family. Ethnic disparities are starkest for living will and DPAHC use, and less pronounced for discussions. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Deborah Carr. 2011. "Racial Differences in End-of-Life Planning: Why Donít Blacks and Latinos Prepare for the Inevitable?" Omega: The Journal of Death and Dying, 63(1): 1-20.



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